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SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN

INTRODUCTION:

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, a programme with a clear time frame for Universal Elementary Education was launched in the State of Goa during the year 2005 at the instance of Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, New Delhi. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an effort to universalize elementary education by community ownership of the school system. It is a response to the demand of quality based elementary education. It also seeks to improve human capabilities in children, through community-owned quality education in a mission mode. It will also create an opportunity for the state to develop its own vision of elementary education and thereby promote social justice through basic education. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan realizes the importance of early child care and education and looks at 0-14 age as a continuum and aims to allow children to learn about and master their natural environment in a manner that allows the complete harnessing of their human potential, both spiritual and mental.

OBJECTIVES:

  1. To ensure free and compulsory education for all children of the age 6-14 years.

  2. To achieve the goal of universalization of Elementary Education through a time bound integrated approach.

  3. To change the face of elementary education system of the state and aim to provide useful and quality elementary education to all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010.

  4. To provide community owned quality elementary education in a mission mode.

  5. To bridge all social and gender gaps.

  6. To modify the education system so as to serve the goal of women’s equality and empowerment.

  7. To provide equal educational opportunity to children belonging to the Scheduled caste, Scheduled Tribe and other weaker sections of the society.

  8. To lay social emphasis on culture and communication, science and environment and incalculation of a sense of social justice.


Under this scheme grants are provided for:

  1. Setting up schools/Alternate Schools.

  2. Salaries of teachers to convert single teacher schools into two teacher schools.

  3. Teacher training

  4. Civil works: classrooms, toilets, electricity, water supply, compound walls.

  5. School, Teacher and Maintenance Grants

  6. Audio-visual Equipments

  7. Innovative Activities

  8. Integrated Education for the Disabled.

  9. Out of School Children

  10. Cluster and Block Resource Centres

  11. Research, Monitoring and Evaluation